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     2017高考英语必备精选试题(冲刺卷)


本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(综合题)两部分.满分150分,考试时间120分钟。
第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共105分)
第一部分听力(共两节.满分20分)
做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节〈共5小题:每小题1分,满分5分〉 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例: How much is the shirt?        A. £ 19. 15           B. £ 9. 15             C. £ 9.18 答案是B.
1. What time does the bookshop close? A. At 7:30                    B. At 6:40             C. At 6:10 2. Where did the dialogue most probably take place? A. In a bookstore. B. In a library.       C. In a classroom. 3. What does the man mean? A. He would rather stand than sit. B. He does not want to sit close to the stage. C. The concert hall is crowded. 4. How often was the magazine published in the past? A. Once a week.                  B. Once a month.               C. Twice a month. 5. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Husband and wife.   B. Librarian and student.       C. Passenger and driver. 第二节(共15小题;每题1分,满分15分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独自后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独自读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。 6. Where does the woman want to go? A. The post office.              B. The nearby park.             C. The cinema. 7. Who can answer the woman's question? A. The man with a beard.    B. The man with a lamp.      C. The stranger. 8. Where does the conversation most probably happen? A. In a park.               B. In the street.                   C. At the cinema. 听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。 9. What is the day of July 25th for the man? A. The beginning of his vacation. B. The end of his vacation. C. The time during his vacation. 10. Where is the woman going this summer? A. To Egypt. B. To Europe.        C. To Hawaii. 11. How will the woman go to travel? A. By water.   B. By train.           C. By air. 听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。 12. What is the woman doing when the man speaks to her? A. She is listening to music. B. She is watching a film.     C. She is writing a letter. 13. How long will Lisa stay in Japan? A. A year.                                   B. A month.                         C. Two years. 14. What will Lisa do before she leaves for Japan? A. She will read more Japanese novels. B. She will attend a language class. C. She will apply for a new program. 听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。 15. What is the topic of the dialogue? A. Traveling with friends.     B. Life in the country.          C. A weekend. 16. Where did Alice spend the nights in the country? A. In a hotel.               B. In a farmer's.                  C. In the open air. 17. How long did it take Alice to come back from the country? A. Half an hour.                   B. Four hours.                     C. Four hours and a half. 听第10段材料,回到第18至20题。 18. How did Europeans know the exact time in the late 1700s? A. By looking at clocks at home. B. By 1ooking at clocks in factories. C. By 1∞king at clocks in public places. 19. When did people regard watches as a sign of wealth in Europe and the US? A. In the early 1800s.           B. In the 1850s.            C. In the 1900s. 20. What's the passage about? A. The use of watches and clocks over time. B. The functions of watches and clocks. C. The importance of watches and clocks. 第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分〉
第一节单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分〉 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
例: It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______he or she wants.        A. however     B. whatever   C. whichever     D. whenever 答案是B.
21. When we want to find ________ certain information in a text quickly, we scan ______ text for key words and phrases, dates, numbers, etc.        A. the; a        B. /; the C. a; the         D. /; / 22. ---The patient has tried quite a few kinds of medicine. ---But _______ has had any effect on his disease.        A. none B. some C. little   D. no one 23. It is reported in the papers that the old coins _______under the earth for about 200 years by the time they were discovered.        A. had buried        B. had been buried        C. buried       D. were buried 24. Today' s teens don't see anything strange in the fact that the computer _______ a central place in their social lives.        A. puts up      B. turns up     C. makes up   D. takes up 25. Desertification, the name for ______ happens when farmable land is turned into desert, is a growing world problem.        A. which       B. where        C. what               D. how 26. ______ you get into university in the future, you would have to go and take the chance. A. Will                  B. Should      C. Would              D. Could 27. ---Your sister nearly _______ all her spare time to her study during the three years.        ----That's right, or she ________ the first place in her school in the College Entrance Examination. A. devoted; wouldn't have taken                 B. spent; wouldn't have taken C. had devoted; hadn't taken                      D. had spent; couldn't take 28. _______ there are many different types of food, some animals spend their lives eating only one type.        A. Although    B. Where       C. If       D. Unless 29. ---Has Li Lei finished his work today? --- I have no idea, but he ______ it when I saw him this morning. A. had done          B. would do          C. was doing        D. would have done 30. The Burj Dubai Skyscraper will reach a height of 700 meters,_______ is said to be the highest building around the world.        A. it       B. that    C. where       D. which 31. ---Has Jerry returned to Shanghai?        ---No, her father _______ in the USA for anther year for her master's degree.        A. agreed her to stay                   B. permitted her to stay        C. promised her to stay                      D. approved she staying 32. --- I' ve studied watching birds as one of my interests. Could I make some suggestions?    ---_______________.        A. You will make it        B. It doesn't matter       C. Go right ahead D. Take it easy 33. ____by a greater demand for vegetables, farmers have built more green houses.        A. Driven       B. Being driven      C. To drive    D. Having driven 34. —Christmas is drawing near. Are you going to Beijing for the holiday?        一I haven't decided yet. I ________ go home, but it all depends.        A. must        B. shall                 C. need          D. might 35. ---Johnson, I've no experience in repairing a computer. I wonder if you could teach me? ---___________. What time suits you best?        A. Help yourself    B. Go ahead   C. If you like it      D. With pleasure 第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分〉
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 There was great public interest when a big hole suddenly appeared in the middle of a field.  __36__ explosives experts (爆破专家) and engineers were called in to explain how it had got there. They offered   37   explanations, but none of them could be sure   38  the hole had been caused. They thought that a huge shell (炮弹) which must have been under the ground for many years had burst   39  . But it was not possible to  40  this. A simple explanation was offered by a man, who said that he was   41  in "flying saucers"一the strange objects visiting the earth from space. The man's explanation may have been   42  , but it was much more  __43__ than the one given by the army. After   44  the ground carefully, the man said that he had seen special      45   on the soil quite near the hole. These, he said,  46   only have been caused by a flying saucer.   __47  , the leaves on some trees nearby had turned yellow because of a   48   hot gas which had come from the saucer just before it came to land. ___49_ the man, it was quite clear that people from another world had been circling the earth   50   something had gone wrong. So they had been   51   to come to land in order that the saucer could be   52   . The hole was caused as the saucer   53   the earth, and the strange marks nearby were made when it rose into the   54   again. This, said the man, was the   55   explanation of how the hole had appeared.
36. A. Factory
B. Car
C. Motor
D. Army
37. A. clear
B. various
C. difficult
D. few
38. A. when
B. where
C. how
D. whether
39. A. at last
B. strangely
C. slowly
D. quickly
40. A. say
B. explain
C. prove
D. study
41. A. good
B. clever
C. expert
D. surprised
42. A. nonsense
B. waste
C. fact
D. scenery
43. A. crazy
B. interesting
C. funny
D. terrible
44. A. digging
B. watching
C. landing
D. examining
45. A. holes
B. marks
C. plants
D. shells
46. A. might
B. could
C. should
D. would
47. A. Besides
B. However
C. Otherwise
D. What's worse
48. A. bright
B. clean
C. strange
D. familiar
49. A. According to
B. Owing to
C. Referring to
D. Pointing to
50. A. until
B. when
C. after
D. before
51. A. asked
B. ordered
C. allowed
D. forced
52. A. destroyed
B. operated
C. repaired
D. cleaned
53. A. landed in B. struck C. flew over D. met
54. A. field B. trees C. air D. hole
55. A. easiest B. biggest C. strangest D. simplest
第三部分阅读理解(共20小题,每题1.5分,满分30分)
请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
As a boy, Sanders was much influenced by books about the sea, but by the age of fifteen he had decided to become a doctor rather than a sailor. His father was a doctor. So he was often with the doctors and got along very well with them. When he was sixteen, he was already hanging around the hospital where he was supposed to be helping to clean the medicine bottles, but was actually trying to listen to doctor's conversations with patients in the next room. During the war, Sanders served in the army as a surgeon (外科医生). "That was the happiest time of my life. I was dealing with real sufferers and on the whole making a success of my job. " In Rhodes he taught the country people simple facts about medicine. He saw himself as a life saver. He had proved-his skill to himself and had a firm belief that he could serve those who lived simply, and were dependent upon him. Thus, while in a position to tell them what to do, he could feel he was serving them. After the war, he married and set up a clinic deep in the English countryside, working under an old doctor who hated the sight of blood. This gave the young man plenty of opportunity to go on working as a life saver. 56. When he was a small boy, Sanders wanted to be _________. A. a surgeon B. an army man     C. a sailor      D. a life saver 57. At the age of 16, Sanders _________. A. worked as a doctor by cleaning the medicine bottles B. met some doctors who were very friendly to him C. remained together with the doctors D. was interested in doctor's conversations with patients 58. His experience in the army proved that _________. A. he was good at medical operations on the wounded B. he succeeded in being a surgeon C. a doctor was the happiest man D. his wish of being a life saver could hardly come true 59. When the war was over, he __________. A. learned from an old doctor because he was popular B. started to hate the sight of blood while working C. served the country people under an old doctor D. had few chances to be a life saver because he was too young
B
It took firemen almost an hour to cut through the wreckage (残骸) of the car. By the time they reached the driver , Wong, he had died. Seconds before the crash happened, the traffic on the road was flowing smoothly, and Wong was an experienced drive in a sturdy car. What could have caused the tragedy? Alcohol. After Wong had drunk four cans of beer, his physical and mental reactions had slowed. He had a false feeling of confidence. Then he lost control, hitting a fire hydrant and a lamp post. In almost every other developed country, Wong might have thought twice about getting behind the wheel and setting off in his car after drinking beer. His passengers might have refused to join him. Would you fly with a drunk pilot? Laws and public campaigns against drink-driving in many countries have changed people's lifestyles and saved thousands of lives. Drink-drivers are regarded as potential killers. In some countries, police on roadsides pull over motorists and check whether they have been drinking or not. In 1995, about 7 % of drivers killed in road accidents in Hong Kong were drink-driving. But this does not tell us the full extent of the problem because it does not show the number of motorists and pedestrians (行人) killed by drink- drivers who survived their crash. In reality then, the number of people killed as a result of drink-driving must be much higher. But in 1995, only five people were prosecuted (起诉) for being drunk and incapable of controlling a vehicle. 60. Mr . Wong crashed his car because __________. A. he had been drinking beer               B. his car was faulty C. he did not sleep                             D. he was not a very good driver 61. The underlined word “sturdy" means _________. A. fast                  B. old                   C. weak               D. strong 62. The underlined sentence" Would you fly with a drunk pilot?" questions whether we would _________. A. stay with a person we dislike                 B. fly on a plane if we were drunk C. do something obviously dangerous D. be brave enough to risk our lives 63. According to paragraph 3, which of the following statements is correct? A. In 1995 at least 7 % of drivers killed in road accidents in Hong Kong were drink-driving. B. Drink-driving is getting worse and worse in Hong Kong. C. Most drink-drivers survive their crash. D. The number of pedestrians killed is larger than the number of drivers killed.
C
Law School Essays that Made a Difference
Price: US $ 13.95
Paperback 256 pages
The Princeton Review
ISBN: 0375763457
Face it, and a lot of students have great LSA T scores. The best way for you to stand out in a crowd of applicants to top law schools is to write an exceptional personal statement. This book puts you in the admissions office's seat. It gives you the intimate details一test scores, GPAs (grade point average), demographic information, and personal statements一of 34 law school hopefuls, then shows you why they got into the colleges they applied to, and why some didn't. It's invaluable information that will help students evaluate (评估)their own chances of admission to the most selective law schools in the United States.
Business School Essays that Made a Difference
Price: US $ 13.95
Paperback 304 pages
The Princeton Review
ISBN: 0375763511
What makes business school applications so brutal (无情)? For most applicants, it's the number, length, and complexity(复杂性) of the essays they have to write when applying for a course. Most top schools require multiple essays and this book is your best bet for succeeding with them. It contains: 1. Forty-four real-life essays critiqued (评论) by admissions officers from schools like Tuck, Chicago, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 2. Eight case studies of business school applicants saying what worked for them and what did not. 3. Translations of essay questions telling you what they are really asking.
College Essays that Made a Difference
Price: US $ 13.95
Paperback 384 pages
The Princeton Review
ISBN: 0375763449
This book helps students get into the college they want by showing them what essays helped actual students achieve their dreams. The book tells you what colleges want to see using interviews with actual admissions officers. The book has sections on the basics of essay writing—grammar and punctuation (标点符号〉一as well as the sections looking at what topics you should write about and how you should communicate your personality in your work. It finishes by looking at the work of a great many successful applicants to America's top colleges, and some unsuccessful students to tell you what to avoid. 64. With the three books, the Princeton Review aims at ________. A. offering students guides in making a difference in their jobs after university graduation B. offering guides on the writing of application essays for American unIversItIes C. showing students how to pass LSA T in the US D. showing college graduates what helped actual students achieve their dreams 65. LSAT is most probably ___________. A. an admission test given by a law school B. a test written by admitted law students C. information on business and college               D. information on GPA 66. College Essays that Made a Difference is different from the other two books in that it _____. A. is sold at a lower price and has different back covers B. offers suggestions on how to dress for interviews C. gives examples of actual essays written those who made it into the schools of their choice D. contains sections on how to avoid language mistakes 67. What's the purpose of writing the three texts? A. To sell the books.                                        B. To make the books easier to read. C. To show the importance of the schools.         D. To introduce new authors.
D
Suppose that we lined up our roughly 14 million United States businesses in order of size, starting with the smallest, along an imaginary road from San Francisco to New York. There will be 4,500 businesses to the mile, or a little less than one per foot. Suppose further that we planted a flag for each business. The height of the flag pole represents the yearly volume of sales(年销售量),each $ 10,000 in sales is shown by one foot of pole. The line of flag poles is a very interesting sight. From San Francisco to about Reno, it is almost unnoticeable, a row of poles about a foot high. From Reno eastward the poles increase in' height until, near Columbus, Ohio-about four fifths of the way across the nation-flags fly about 10 feet in the air. But as we approach the eastern terminus (终点), the poles suddenly begin to mount (升高). There are about 3, 000, 000 firms in the country with sales over $ 500,000. These firms take up the last 75 miles of the 3,000-mile road. There are 200,000 firms with sales over $ 1 million. They take up the last 50 miles. Then there are 1,000 firms with sales of $ 50,000,000 or more. They take up the last quarter of a mile before the city limits,flags flying at cloud height, 5,000 feet up. At the very gate of New York, on the last 100 feet of the last mile, we find the 100 largest industrial firms. They have sales of at least $ 1. 5 billion, so that their flags are already miles high. Along the last 10 feet of road, there are the 10 largest companies. Their sales are roughly $ 10 billion and up: their flags fly 190 miles in the air,almost in the stratosphere (平流层). 68. What is the author's main purpose in writing this passage? A. To tell the reason why the largest firms are in New York. B. To show the geographical distribution (分布) of the United States businesses. C. To provide a general idea of the size of businesses in the United States. D. To tell us how the United States businesses are arranged. 69. What's the correct order of the following places from east to west? A. San Francisco, Reno, New York, Columbus. B. San Francisco, Reno, Columbus, New York. C. New York, Columbus, Reno, San Francisco. D. New York, Reno, Columbus, San Francisco. Among the four parts of the imaginary road, which part, considering all the firms in it, has the largest total volume of sales?        A. The last 75 miles.     B. The last 100 feet of the last mile.        C. The last 50 miles.     D. The last quarter of a mile. Which of the following diagrams (图表)shows the right order of size of the US businesses, according to the text?
E
阅读下面短文,短文后面有几个问题,请按要求答题,并将答案写在答题纸上。 Perhaps you are an average student with average intelligence. You do well enough in school, but you probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessarily the case, however. You can receive better grades if you want to. Yes, even students of average intelligence can be top students without additional work. Here's how: 1. Plan your time carefully. Make 'a list of your \veekly tasks. Then make a schedule or chart of your time. Fill in committed time such as eating, sleeping, meetings, classes, etc. Then decide on good, regular times for studying. Be sure to set aside enough time to complete your normal reading and work assignments. Of course, studying shouldn't occupy all of the free time on the schedule. It's important to set aside time for relaxation, hobbies, and entertainment as well. 2. Find a good place to study. Choose one place for your study area. It may be a desk or a chair at home or in the school library, but it should be comfortable, and it should not have distractions. When you begin to work, you should be able to concentrate on the subject. 3. Skim before you read. This means looking over a passage quickly before you begin to read it more carefully. As you preview the material, you get some idea of the content and how it is organized. Later when you begin to read you will recognize less important material and you may skip some of these portions. Skimming helps double your reading speed and improves your comprehension as well. 4. Make good use of your time in cl ass. Listening to what the teacher says in class means less work later. Sit where you can see and hear well. Take notes to help you remember what the teacher says. 5. Study regularly. Go over your notes as soon as you can after class. Review important points mentioned in class as we11 as points you remain confused about. Read about these points in your textbook. If you review your notes and textbook regularly, the material will become more meaningful and you will remember it longer. Regular review leads to improved performance on test. 6. Develop a good attitude about tests. The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. The world won't end if you don't pass a test, so________. Tests provide grades, and they also let you know what you need to spend more time studying. and they help make your knowledge permanent. There are other techniques that might help you with your studying. You win probably discover many others after you have tried these. Talk with your classmates about their study techniques and share some helpful ones with them. Improving your study habits will improve your grades. 72. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 8 words. ) 请将答案写在答题纸上 73. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? It is very important to devote yourself to what you are studying once you start. 请将答案写在答题纸上 74. Please fill in the blank in the sixth suggestion with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please write within 10 words. ) 请将答案写在答题纸上 75. Translate the underlined sentence in the sixth paragraph into Chinese. 请将答案写在答题纸上
第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题 共45分)
第四部分:写作 (共两节,满分35分〉
第一节:对话填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
请认真阅读下列对话,并根据各题所给的首字母的提示.在答题卡右栏中标有题目的横线上,写出一个英语单词的完整、正确的形式,使对话通顺。
W=Woman    M=Man W: So, what's your usual day (76) l________? You always seem so busy. M: Well, I (77) u_____ get up around 5: 00 a. m. and work on my computer until 6: 00 a. m. W: Why do you get up so (78) e_______? M : Well, I have to leave (79) h____ by 6: 40 a. m. so I can catch a bus at 7: 00 o'clock . It (80) t_____ me about twenty minutes to walk to the bus stop from my house, but the bus stops right in front of my (81) o______. W: That's nice. And what time do you get (82) o____ work? M: Uh, around 5: 00 o'clock. Then, we eat (83) d____ around 6: 30. But I think my wife has the toughest job. She spends her whole day (84) 1____   after our kids. W: Well, it (85) s _____ you have a nice wife. M: I think so too. 76.________ 77.________ 78._______ 79._______ 80._______ 81. _______ 82. _______ 83. _______ 84. ________ 85. _______
第二节:书面表达(满分35分〉
世界著名科学家斯蒂芬·霍金多次对人类的未来表示担忧。他认为,美国和俄罗斯拥有的核弹头足够把地球毁灭几次,所以人类当前面临的最大危险是核战争。此外,气候的变化也将威胁人类的生存环境。霍金教授因此建议我们搬迁到其他星球上去。但是你不同意他的观点。 请你用英语写一篇短文,简要概述霍金对将来的看法(60词左右) ,并阐述你的观点和理由。 注意: 1.对所给要点,不要简单翻译,可造当发挥。 2.词数:120词左右。开头语已为你写好,不计人总词数。 3.参考词汇: nuclear warheads (核弹头) ; threaten (威胁〉。 The world-f8.mous scientist Steven Hawking has expressed his concern about the future of human beings. ________________________________________________
____________________________________.
参考答案
听力部分:共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分) 1-5 ABCBA     6-10 CABAA       11-15 CBABC 16-20 CBCAA 单项填空:(共15小题,每小题l分,满分15分〉 21-25 BABDC  26-30 BAACD 31-35 BCADD 完型填空:(共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分〉 36-40 DBCAC       41-45 CABDB       46-50 BACAB   51-55 DCBCD 阅读理解:(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分) 56-59 CDBC 60-63 ADCA 64-67 BADA 68-71 CCAB 72. how to improve your study habits/ How to improve your grades/ How to become a top student. 73. when you begin to work, you should be able to concentrate on the subject. 74. don't worry too much about a single test! don't worry if you fail a single test 75. 复习那些你仍然感到困惑的以及课堂上提到的重要知识点。
第二卷
对话填空:(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)        76 like    77 usually      78 early  79. home      80. takes 81 office        82 off     83 dinner    84 looking  85 sounds /seems 书面表达〈共1题,满分25分〉 possible version: The world-famous scientist Steven Hawking has expressed his concern about the future of human beings. He warns that greatest danger that human beings are faced with is nuclear war because both America and Russia have plenty of nuclear warheads to destroy our earth several times. He also worries that the changing climate is threatening our living environment. Pro. Hawking,therefore, suggests that we move to other planets. Personally, I cannot / don't agree with Pro. Hawking. It is certain that nuclear warheads may ruin the earth, however, knowing the danger, America and Russia are unlikely to use them on purpose. On the other hand, it is not practical for humans to move to other planets. At present we have neither ability nor money to do that What we should do now is to make our earth a better place for human race. 录音原文: (Text 1) W: I'm going to get some books from the bookshop before it closes. M: My watch says 6:50, so we have around 40 minutes left. (Text 2) M: Good morning. I would like to borrow some novels in English. What kind of books would you recommend? W: It might be a good idea to read some easy readers first. You'll enjoy them and be able to read fast. M: That sounds great! Thank you for your advice. (Text 3) W: Let's try to find seats near the stage, shall we? M: Oh, we'll be lucky if we find a place to stand at this concert! (Text 4) M: I've been reviewing the magazine Animals World, for the past three years. W: Does it come out monthly? M: It did until last year; now it is published weekly. (Text 5) W: Oh, my goodness, you must have left the book in the taxi. It's a very good book. M: But I tell you I didn't take it. I remember clearly that you put it in our bedroom. Oh, yes, on your dressing table. 第二节 听下面一段对语,回答第6至第8二个小题。现在你有15秒钟的时间阅读这二个小题。 W: Excuse me, but could you tell me the way to the cinema, please? M: No, I'm sorry I can't. I'm not from here. Why don't you ask that man with a beard? He'll be able to tell you, I'm sure. W: Which one do you refer to? M: Look, the one over there, by the lamp-post. W: Ah, yes. I can see him now. Thank you very much. M: You·re welcome. 听下面一段对话,回答第9至第11三个小题。现在你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。 W: When are you going to take your vacation? M: I've got to a ten-day vacation starting July 25th. W: Where are you going? M: Hawaii. W: That sounds like a good place. Is your family going? M: Yes. We plan to climb mountains, go fishing, swim and windsurf. But most of all relax. My wife is taking many books to read. W: Your children must be all excited about it. M: Yes, they are. They're already crossing out the days on the calendar. Are you going to Europe again this summer? W: No, not this time. We are going to visit some old friends in Egypt. M: Are you going by ship or taking a flight? W: Going by air. 听下面一段对话,回答第12至第14三个小题。现在你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。 M: Say, Lisa, what are you watching? W: A Japanese film. I'm going to spend all next year in Japan, so I'd better get to know more about its culture. M: You're accepted into the program. W: Yes. I just found out yesterday. M: That's wonderful. You must be excited. W: Excited and nervous. You know I must work on some basic conversation skills. M: How much Japanese can you understand? W: Only a little now. But I'm going to attend a special language class next month. M: I wish I were as clever as you are in foreign languages. I'd love to study abroad. W: Then why don't you? The school has a lot of programs that don't require the mastery of a foreign language. M: Thanks for telling me! 听下面一段对话,问答第15至第17三个小题。现在你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。 M: Morning, Alice. Did you enjoy your weekend in the country? W: Yes, thanks. We had a great time and some friends went with us. M: Where did you stay? In a hotel? W: We camped in the mountains, near Snowdown. We cooked all our meals on an open fire and ate outside. M: Sounds wonderful. Was the weather good? W: It was sunny almost every day and it didn't rain once. M: Did you like the people there? W: Yes, they were great! We met some farmers and had tea in their homes. M. When did you get back? Last night? W: No. You might think we're crazy, but we came back this morning. I got up at 4:30, left at 5:00 and arrived here at 9:00. I'm so tired. What about you? Did you have a good weekend? M: Yes, but I didn't do much. I just stayed in. The weather was terrible. 听下面一段独白,回答第18至第20三个小题。现在你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。 I'm sure nearly every one of you looked at your watch or a clock before you came to class today. Watches and clocks are very important in our life, but watches and clocks were seldom seen in the United States before the 1850s. In the late 1700s, people did not know the exact time unless they were near a clock. There were delightful clocks in the square of European towns for the public. After all, most people didn't have enough money to buy their own watches or clocks. In the early 1800s in Europe and the United States, the main purpose of a watch was to show others how wealthy you were. By the mid-1800s, because of the rapid industrial development· in the United States, measuring time had become very important. Since industrialization made it possible to produce large numbers of watches and clocks in factories, they became very cheap. Being on time had come into the language and our lives.


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