教案精选:高中英语《Looking good Feeling good》教学设计


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 一. 与主语相对应的情况

1. 当陈述部分的主语是everybody, everyone, someone, nobody, no one, somebody等合成代词时,附加疑问句中的主语通常用they。如:

Somebody phoned while I was out, didn’t they?

Everyone enjoyed the party, didn’t they?

Nobody wants to go there, does he?

2. 当陈述部分的主语是不定代词everything, nothing, anything, something时,附加疑问句中的主语一般用it,不用they。如:

Everything seems all right now, doesn’t it?

Nothing is kept in good order, is it?

Something must be done to stop pollution, isn’t it?

3. 当陈述部分的主语是指示代词this, that或these, those时,附加疑问句中的主语分别用it和they。如:

This is important, isn’t it?

That isn’t correct, is it?

These are your friends Tom and Jack, aren’t they?

4. 如果陈述部分是以代词one作主语,附加疑问句中的主语在正式场合用one,非正式场合用you。如:

One can’t be too careful, can one? 或can you?

One should do his duty, shouldn’t he?

5. 如果陈述句子中的主语为动词不定式短语、动名词短语或其他短语时,疑问部分的主语通常用it。如:

Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, doesn’t it?

Between six and seven will suit you, won’t it?

Where to hold the meeting has not been decided, has it?

二. 句法结构

6. 当陈述句为there be结构时,附加疑问句中的主语也用there。如:

There’s no help for it, is there?

There’s something wrong, isn’t there?

7. 感叹句后的附加疑问句的谓语动词需用be的现在时,且常用否定形式。如:

What a clever boy, isn’t he?

What a lovely day, isn’t it?

8. 当陈述部分为主从复合句时,附加疑问部分一般应与主句的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系。如:

She says that I did it, doesn’t she?

I told them not everybody could do it, didn’t I?

但当陈述部分的主语是第一人称(I, we)时,谓语是think, believe, suppose, expect这类动词时,附加疑问部分则往往与从句中的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系,但要注意否定的转移。

I suppose that he’s serious, isn’t he?

I don’t think she cares, does she?

9. 强调句或类似的句型结构的反义疑问句一律和句首的It is/ was 保持一致。

It was last Sunday that he went to Beijing, wasn’t it?

It is five years since he joined the army, isn’t it?

10. 当陈述部分是并列句,附加疑问句则需和就近的分句的主语和谓语一致。如:

Xiao Lin has been writing letters all afternoon but he should finish them now, shouldn’t he?

11. 在由“祈使句+附加疑问”构成的附加疑问句中,附加疑问部分一般用will you, won’t you等结构。如:

Don’t open the door, will you?

Give me some cigarettes, will you/ won’t you ?

但是,以let’s开头的祈使句,附加疑问部分用shall we;

以let us开头的祈使句,疑问部分用will you。如:

Let’s have a basketball match this afternoon, shall we?

Let us go out for a rest, will you?

三. 情态动词的情况

12. 当陈述部分带有情态动词must表示“必须”时,疑问部分用mustn’t。如:

You must work hard next term, mustn’t you?

I must answer the letter, mustn’t I?

但若表推测这层含义时,不能用must,而要根据陈述部分的不定式结构(即must之后的动词)以及含义采用相应的动词形式。如:

You must have made a mistake, haven’t you?

They must have seen the film last week, didn’t they?

He must be in the library, isn’t he?

13. 当陈述部分含有情态动词used to时,疑问部分可用usedn’t或didn’t。如:

The old man used to smoke, didn’t he?或usedn’t he?

Tom used to live here, usedn’t he?或didn’t he?

14. 当陈述部分带有情态动词ought to时,疑问部分用oughtn’t或shouldn’t。如:

He ought to know the answer, oughtn’t he?

We ought to read this book, oughtn’t we?或shouldn’t we?

15. 当陈述部分含有had better时,疑问部分用had。

如:?You’d better finish your homework now, hadn’t you?

四. 否定形式

16. 陈述部分带有seldom, hardly, never, rarely, few, little, nowhere, nothing等否定词或半否定词时,附加疑问部分的动词用肯定形式。如:

Bob rarely got drunk, did he?

Few people know him, do they?

She seldom goes to the cinema, does she?

如果陈述部分的否定词带有否定前缀,那么,该陈述部分作肯定处理,附加疑问部分一般仍用否定形式。如:

He was unsuccessful, wasn’t he?

Tom dislikes the book, doesn’t he?

五. 其他

17. 当陈述部分带有表示“所有”含义的动词have(has)时,疑问部分既可用have形式,也可用do形式。如:

You have a new bike, haven’t you(或don’t you)?

She doesn’t have any money in her pocket, does she?

(注意:You have to do it, don’t you? )

反意疑问句练习
Part one: 填空题

1. There lived six blind men in an Indian village, _didn’t there __?

2. Everyone is ready for the exam, __aren’t they_________?

3. He has lunch at school, ___doesn’t he________?

4. Nothing happened yesterday, ____did it_________?

5. You missed the first bus, __didn’t you_____?

6. He dislikes eating fat meat, ___doesn’t he_________?

7. This room is uncomfortable to live in, ___isn’t it________?

8. She seldom gets up late, __does she__________?

9. Neither your sister nor you are fond of sports, ___are you_________?

10. He didn’t find his pen anywhere, _____did he____________?

Part two: 选择题

1. You'd rather watch TV this evening, ______?

a. isn't it b. hadn't you c. wouldn't you d. won't you

2. I suppose you're not going today, ______?

a. are you b. do you c. don't you d. aren't you

3. Three hours ought to be enough time, ______?

a. oughtn't three hours b. didn't they

c. shouldn't it d. shouldn't three hours

4. They have to study a lot, ______?

a. don't they b. haven't they c. did they d. hadn't they

5. When the car crashed, your brother escaped being hurt, ______ ?

a. didn't he b. did he c. did it d. didn't it

6. I'm surely dirty, ______?

a. am I b. isn't I c. aren't I d. am not I

7. You seem to be dissatisfied with your present post. I don't think you judged your ability objectively when you applied for it, ______ you?

a. do b. did c. don't d. didn't

8. That's the sort of the book you want, ______?

a. is it d. isn't that c. is that d. isn't it

9. All these dictionaries are a great help to you, ______?

a. are they b. aren't they

c. are all these dictionaries d. aren't all these dictionaries

10. The movie that we saw last week was quite interesting, ______?

a. wasn't it b. was it c. didn't we d. weren't we

11. Tom has been writing letters all afternoon, but he should have finished them by now, _____?

a. hasn't he b. has he c. shouldn't he d. didn't you
12. You had some trouble finding where I live, ______?

a. didn't you b. hadn't you c. do I d. don't I

13. He has his hair cut every month, ______?

a. has he b. hasn't he c. does he d. doesn't he

14. Your friend needs to come earlier, ______?

a. does he b. doesn't he c. need he d. needn't he

15. The little boy dare not go to church, ______?

a. dare he b. daren't he c. does he d. doesn't he

16. Susan would have worked abroad if she'd had the chance, ______?

a. has she b. hadn't she c. would she d. wouldn't she

17. Everyone's having a good time, ______?

a. is he b. isn't everyone c. does he d. aren't they

18. Tell me how to operate the electronic computer, ______?

a. will you b. shan't you c. do you d. don't you

19. Let's listen to the radio program that the teacher mentioned, ______?

a. do we b. don't we c. shall we d. shan't we

20. You think you're funny, ______?

a. didn't you b. are you c. don't you d. do you

1—10 CACAA CBDBA 11—20 CADBA DDACC

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