教案精选:高中英语《Healthy Eating》教学设计


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 pain , in (the) future , be rich in , contain , fat ( n . ) , soft drink , score , scores of , discuss , discussion , at the end ( of )

三会单词和词组: examine , ripe , advise , patient , energy , weight , put on weight , westerner , cause , unhealthy , lose weight , suggestion

人人都希望自己身体健康,工作顺利,生活愉快。人体就像一部机器,机器需要经常保养才能不停地正常运转,不出故障;人也需要营养合理的饮食、充足的睡眠、必不可少的休息与娱乐。倘若你为了省钱省时间而终日凑合着吃东西;倘若你为了挤出更多的时间对付艰苦的学习而挤掉了睡眠时间;倘若你为了多打工赚钱,几乎舍弃了所有的休息与娱乐;那么,生病就在所难免。万一人生了病就需要去医院诊断出故障的原因,这时就需要和医生打交道,下面是常用到的语句。

医生用语:

1. What can I do for you ? / What was the matter ? / What's the trouble ?

2. Does it hurt here ? / It's nothing serious . / Let me examine you . / Take this medicine three times a day . / And I advise you not to do …

3. Drink plenty of water and have a good rest . / You'd better have a good rest . / You'll be well soon .

4. Show me your tongue . / Stick out your tongue . / Did you cough much ? / Fortunately , you only have the flu (流感) . / You'll have to be hospitalized (住院) .

5. How long have you been like this ? / Well , let's see . Open your mouth and say "ah ". / Keep warm and don't catch cold .

病人用语:

1. I've got a pain ( cough , headache , toothache ) . / I don't feel well . / There's something wrong with … . / This place hurts . / I feel a great pain here . / I feel dizzy (头晕) . / I took some medicine last night , but they didn't help . / Doctor , please give me an examination .

2. I've had my temperature taken . I indeed have a fever . / I was hot and cold by turns .

3. I don't feel well , doctor . / I hope it won't last long . / I don't feel like eating anything .

4. I have a sore throat ( 喉咙痛) and my chest hurts . / It started bothering me yesterday afternoon . / I feel hot and feverish . / I'm aching all over .

5. I've been losing sleep . / My whole body feels weak . / I've lost my voice . / My ears are ringing , and my cheeks burning . / I feel a pain in my left leg .

1. I advise you (not) to do … / you'd better (not) do … / I suggest that you (should) do … / Why not do … / Why don't you do …

2. It's better to be absolutely sure , even if it does take a bit more time and trouble .

3. Well , if I were you , I would spend about four days sightseeing in Beijing and two or three days in Shanghai for shopping .

4. Let me give you a bit of advice , if you don't mind . Stop smoking or at least cut down on it . Watch your diet and …

5. How / What about doing some shopping here ?

6. I think we'd better send for a doctor .

7. Well , if you go on the way you have , you're only going to make things harder for yourself .

8. Yes , I suppose so . / Yes , I certainly will . / That's a good idea . / Yes , but don't you think … ?

Sea water contains salt .

This auditorium will contain 3,000 people .

〖点拨〗

(1) contain 和 include 虽然都有"包含"的意思,但 contain 可用于表示包含所含之物的全部或部分,而 include 则只是包含一部分。试对比:

The parcel contained a dictionary . 那包裹里装的是一本字典。

The parcel included a dictionary . 那包裹里也包括了一本字典。

The tour includes a visit to Paris . 这次旅行包括游览巴黎。

The basket contains a variety of fruits . 这篮子装有各种水果。

(2) including 可以作介词连接介词短语。试比较:

Many women were waiting to buy that kind of cloth , including my mother .

Many women were waiting to buy that kind of cloth , my mother included .

可以这样说,include 着重"被包含者只是整体中的一部分"。contain 着重"内有"。

The doctor advised a soft diet . 医生建议进软食。 〖点拨〗

(1) advise + doing

He advised getting plenty of sleep and eating good meals .

(2) advise sb to do 建议某人干……。advise sb not to do sth =advise sb against doing 建议某人不要干

The teacher advised us not to read carelessly . =The teacher advised us against careless reading .

对比:The teacher advised our reading carefully . (动名词复合结构)

(3) advise that + 主语 + (should) do

She advised that he spend his holidays in Heinan .

对比:(误)Sharon suggested me to ask Dr Yang for help .

(对)Sharon advised me to ask Dr Yang for help .

(对)Sharon suggested / advised that I should ask Dr Yang for help .

(对)Sharon suggested / advised my asking Dr Yang for help .

(对)I was advised to ask Dr Yang for help by Sharon .

(4) advice 是不可数名词,表达"一条建议"用:a piece / bit / word of advice 。

The score at the end of the game was 5 to 4 against the visiting team . 比赛结果为 5 比 4 , 客队败北。

What's the score now ? 现在比分是多少 ?

〖点拨〗

(1) scores of 许多,大批

The exhibition has scores of visitors every day .

(2) score 前有数词时,score 用单数,其后的 of 常省略。但在代词或者起定语作用的指示代词及物主掉次前的 of 不能省略。

Three score of them are League members .

Three score of those eggs are his .

She has two score (of) eggs . (这种情况下最好不用 of )

I've something of great importance to discuss with you .

After careful discussion the two parties reached an agreement on this matter .

〖点拨〗

(1) discuss 后直接接名词、疑问词 + to do ,不接 about / on 。但discussion 后可以接about 。

(错)We have discussed about the problem .

(对)We have discussed the problem .

(对)We have had a discussion about the problem .

(2) discuss sth with sb 和某人讨论……

We will discuss the changes of our school with them later .

(3) discuss freely 自由讨论,discuss fully / thoroughly 充分讨论,discuss keenly 激烈讨论,under discussion 在讨论中,have a long discussion about / on sth 对……进行长时间的讨论, a heated / hot discussion 热烈的讨论。

Your suggestion is very helpful .

〖点拨〗

(1) 含有suggestion 的主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句、定语从句中主句谓语用 should 型虚拟式。

We agree to his suggestion that the book (should) be published once more .

(2) suggestion 的搭配有:make a helpful / timely suggestion 作出有益(适时)的建议。act on / at one's suggestion =act on / at the suggestion of sb 按照某人的建议做。

(3) suggestion , advice 和 opinion

advice 多指根据自己的学识和经验提出来的供人参考的意见。suggestion 指为改进工作、解决问题而提出的建议,比 advice 委婉。opinion 是日常用语,指对某事的观点、想法。另外,advice 是不可数名词。

Advice is seldom welcome . (谚语) 忠言逆耳。

In our opinion , these trees must be cut down at once .

We have decided to pay more attention to their suggestions .1. at the doctor's 在诊所

At the doctor's you can have your eyesight tested .

2. visit a doctor =see a doctor 看医生,看病,就诊

He had to visit a doctor because of his heart trouble .

3. a piece of bread 一块面包

4. a bit 有点儿(修饰形容词)

These apples are a bit green . 这些苹果有些生。

5. have a good rest 好好休息一下

6. in four hours' time 四小时后,四小时内

Take two pills now and two more in fours' time .

They will arrive in two hours' time .

7. a diet of 一种……的食物

Every person needs water and a diet of healthy foods .

8 . different kinds of 不同种类的

There are different kinds of moon cakes on Mid-Autumn Day .

Different kinds of book ( =Different kinds of books =Books of different kinds ) are on show in the book fair .

9. in calories 以卡来计算

The energy is measured in calories . 这种能量以卡来计算。

10. be asleep 睡者(强调状态)。fall asleep 睡着(强调动作)

11. burn up 烧掉,烧毁;消耗掉。

While you are walking , your body is burning up 100 calories an hour .

If the satellite returns to the earth too fast , it burns up on the way .

The house burned up before the firemen got there .

12. as much as 像……那样多;多达;到达……的程度。as much as 用于不可数的物体,而 as many as 则用于可数的物体。该结构还可以变化为:as much + 不可数名词 + as 或者 as many + 可数名词 + as 的形式。

Here is a bottle of ink . You may use as much as you need .

The average distance of the sun from the earth is as much as 150 million kilometres .

太阳与地球的平均距离达一亿五千万公里。

You should rest as much as possible .

In the countries of Black Africa , there are as many as 700 languages .

When working there , she could earn as much as 500 dollars a week .

He is strong enough to carry as much as 200 jin .

13. be considered (to be ) + 名词或者形容词"被认为是……"

14. be rich in 含有大量的;充满

This kind of fish is rich in vitamins A and D .

A large stretch of land rich in coal is called a coal field .

注意其反义词组是:be low in 含量低。be high in 含有大量的……

15. too much 过于多的(修饰不可数名词、作主语、作宾语、作表语)。而much too修饰形容词和副词。

She gets up much too early , because she has too much work to do every day .

16 . take exercise 运动;锻炼

You need to take more exercise if you want to keep healthy .

She ate too much and did not take any exercise .

17. put on weight 增加体重;发胖。lose weight 减少体重。

Too many sweets and not enough exercise will make you put on weight .

To the great joy of her , she has lost much weight .

18. in the form of 以……的形式

He made the suggestion in the form of a question .

All sounds travel in the forms of waves .

Water exists in the form of ice , snow , steam , etc.

19. one person in ten =one-tenth =one person out of ten 十分之一的人

注意区别:ten to one 十有八九,有可能

20. by the age of 在……岁前;不超过……岁。by 在这里相当于 before 。

She had had three children by the age of 35 .

He had been in the army for two years by the age of 18 .

注意:at the age of 在……岁时。试对比:

She married at the age of 30 .

She had been married by the age of 30 .

21. put … in order 把……按照顺序排列好

22 . value for money 合算,花钱值得

23 . scores of 几十的,大量的,许多的(修饰可数名词)

24 . value of money 合算,花钱值得

25 . lose weight 减少体重

26 . die from heart illnesses 死于各类心脏疾病

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