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      教案精选:高中英语《A Famous Detectative》教学设计


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 Step 1 Revision
1.Check the homework exercises.
2.Ask the students some questions quickly about their daily life.

Step 2 Presentation
1.Read the introduction aloud. Ask the students to listen to the tape and then answer the questions: Why did Mr. Ball call on Mrs. Zhu? How much do you know about Dr. Zhang?
2.Let the students to answer the questions in pairs and check with the whole class.
(1. To him a massage about the date for the conference; 2. He lives in Guangzhou; is on a visit to Beijing; has some personal affairs to see to; is visiting some relatives.)
3.Ask the students to guess the meaning of the new words.

Step 3 Dialogue
1.Play the tape for the students to listen and follow.
2.Go through the dialogue briefly and make sure the students understand it.
3.Play the tape again, and the students to listen and repeat.
4.Ask the students to practise in pairs.

Step 4 Language points
1.Mr. Ball has just called on Mrs. Zhu to give her a massage.
* call on: to visit sb. formally 拜访,去会见某人; call at 拜访某地
I hope to call on you at your office at 3 o’clock today.
She called on the old teacher once a month.
We often call at the place of interest.
* drop in at/ on : visit unexpectedly or informally顺便拜访
Drop in and see me when you are next in Beijing.
He often drops in for coffee.
He often drops in at my place on his way home.
We dropped in on our teacher when we went to town. 
2.Do come in.
* do 用在祈使句中或肯定句中加强语气.
Do come and jion us.
Please! Do be quitet a moment.
I do hope you will go with us.
3.
I’ve got some personal affairs that I have to see to.
* have got =have 拥有,具有
I have got a new car.
Have you got any money with you?
She hasn’t got much time for the moment.
* see to =deal with 处理(某事),负责做(某事),照顾(某人)
I have got a lot of things to see to this afternoon.
Who is seeing to the arrangements for the next meeting?
I’ll see to the guests when they arrive.
4. It’s time I went and pick up my little girl from school.
* It’s time +主语+动词的过去式. “是某人该做某事的时候了”, 虚拟语气.
It is time you went to bed.
It is time they did cleaning.
It is high time that you studied hard.
* It is time for sth. / It is time to do sth. / it is time for sb. to do sth.
It is time for supper.
It is time to go to school. 
It is time for us to go to school.
* pick up 
1)拾起,捡起. He picked up a wallet on the ground and handed it in
2)采摘They are picking up the apples on the trees. 
We must try our best to prevent children picking up the flowers in the garden.
3)获得,学会. She picked up English when was in Beijing in the 1930s.
We picked up so much knowledge when we were in the countryside.
4)看到,测知,收听到. My radio can pick up BBC. We couldn’t pick up the news yesterday evening.
5)中途搭人, 带货. The bus stopped to pick up the passengers.
6)恢复, 振作. A bite of something might pick you up. Have a rest and pick up your flesh. He picked up his courage and went on studied hard.
7)加速,提速. The train picked up speed. Let’s see how fast you can pick up from a standing start.
8)收拾, 整理. The farmers are picking up their tools. She is picking up her room.
9)逮住, 捉牢. The police managed to pick up the thief at the end.
10)跌到后使自己爬起来. He slipped and fell, but quickly picked himself up.

Step 5 Practice
1.Read through the phrases with the students. Then books shut. Do a repetition drill with the class, paying attention to intonation. Books open. Ask the students give some example sentences with It’s time I… Then let the students practise in pairs.
2.For the second activity, read the instructions aloud. Ask the students to make a similar dialogue, using other words and phrases.

Step 6 Workbook
1.Ex.1. Revise the everyday English expressions. Then get the students to do the dialogues in pairs. Check the answers with the whole class.
2.Ask several pairs to act out the dialogues.
3.Ex. 2 should be done orally in class. Point out the different patterns with similar. Encourage the students to produce as many as sentences as possible.
4. Ex.2. Ask some students to come to the Bb to write out the sentences.

Step 7 Homework
Finish off the Workbook exercises. Do Ex. 2 as written work. Get the students to do vocabulary preparation in Lesson 58, Part 1.


Lesson 58

Step 1 Revision
1.Ask the students to read and recite the dialogue.
2.Check the homework excesses. Check understanding of the vocabulary in Part 1 by asking questions.

Step 2 Presentation
1.Get the students to talk about the picture and describe what they can see.
2.Read the instruction and the questions.
3.Ask the students to read the passage and answer the questions in pairs.
(1. She was not sleeping well; she kept hearing the nosiness in the night; her uncle was acting strangely toward her; they had quirked. 2. Her uncle would get her money after her death; after examining the room, the hole in the wall and the bell rope, Holmes became worried. He told her that her life in danger and that it was not safe for her to sleep again in that room.)
Step 3 Reading
1.Let the students to read the passage carefully and answer the questions of Ex.1.
2.Check the answers with the whole class.
3.Ask the students to guess the meaning of the new words.

Step 4 Language points
1.Well known for his expert advice, he was able to help a great number of people with their personal affairs.
* 过去分词短语作状语,可表示原因,时间,条件,分别相当于一个从句.如:
Born into a poor family, he had only two years of schooling. =As he was born into a poor family, …)
Encouraged by Jim’s words, he continued his research work.
Seen from the hill, the town looks very beautiful.
Compared with developed countries, we still have a long way to go.
Take too much, the medicine could do harm to your health.

2.Her uncle seemed to be acting rather strangely towards her.
* seem to do/ to be doing/ to have done
It seemed to be raining all day yesterday.
He seemed to be feeling tried last week.
Several people in the crowed seemed to be fighting.
He seemed to have finished his homework.
* act: behave 行为,举止
The boy was acting badly in school.
You have acted generously.
He has acted very wrongly to you. 
She acted kindly towards her servants.
3.I dare say my uncle will. I have no other relatives.
* I dare say =I daresay 我敢说.插入语或主语.
I dare say no one can catch up with us.
I dare say we will win the game.
We will win the game, I dare say.
Theses young students, I dare say, can pass the entrance examination.
* dare 情态动词,"敢","敢于".后接不定式,主要用于疑问,否定,条件及表示怀疑的句子中.
She dare not go out by herself at night.
--- Dare you go swimming in the sea?
--- No. I dare not.
If you dare speak to me like that, you will be sorry.
I wonder if he dare jump down from the bridge.
* dare vt. 
--- Who dares to go? How about you?
--- Sorry , I don’t dare to go.
No body would dare to wake her up, even her little daughter.
--- Do you dare to ask him for help?
--- No, I don’t dare to.
The children don’t dare (to) make a sound while their parents are sleeping.
4.I can see it fastened to a nail.
*see/ hear/ watch/ find/… sb. p.p
I saw the child badly treated by his father.
I never heard the song sung in English.
On my way home, I found a house burnt down. You had better get your shoes cleaned.
5.No matter. I don’t think that will dalay us much.
* no matter =it no matter that the bedroom is locked.
No matter. =It doesn’t matter.
It no matter that he didn’t come.
I had something to say, but it's no matter.
* no matter what/ how/when/ where…
No matter what you say, I will follow you. 
I will miss you no matter where you go.
6. There was also a gun and a thin piece of rope with the end tied in a circle.
关于 with 的复合结构
1)概念:with + 复合宾语(宾语+宾语补语)

2)结构 --- with + pron./n + v-ed
v-ing
adj.
Adv.
Inf.
Prep.
N
3)句法功能------ 定语
状语

I can’t fixe my mind on my work with the children playing so noisily outside my window.
I won’t be able to go on my holiday with mother being ill.
The weather was even cold with the wind blowing.
He usually worked in his study with the door locked.
The outside sight looks beautiful with everything covered with snow.
She used to sleep with the windows open.
She went into the classroom with her face red.
She came to a small river with green grass and red flowers on both sides.
The teacher came into the room with some books under his arm/in his hand.
He managed to send a picture with a machine to help him.
She lives in the city of Shanghai with her son a teacher.
He went out with his head down.
6.There is no doubt about it.
* there is no doubt about it. =I have no doubt about it. =I am sure of it.
He will fail. There is no doubt about it.
She is an honest girl. There is no doubt about it.
* doubt 后接名词从句,疑问句和否定句中用that; 肯定句中用whether/if. 
We don’t doubt that he can do the job well.
I doubt much if I shall be able to come.
* 引导同谓语从句
There is no doubt that your life is in danger. 
There is no doubt that you will be warmly welcomed.
* vi. 怀疑
We have never doubted of the success of our experiment.
* beyond doubt 毫无疑问, hang in doubt 悬而未决, in doubt 感到怀疑的,拿不准的, When in doubt the meaning of a word, look it up in the dictionary.
Make no doubt of对。。。毫不怀疑, no doubt 无疑地,You have no doubt heard the news.
7.Dr. Watson and I will spend the night locked in your room.
* locked in the room
He walked into the office, followed by two guards.
The old man stood up, supported by his son.
8.delay vt.& vi. Make or be slow or late 延迟,延缓;put off until later 延期,延缓到
* The train was delayed two hours. 
I was delayed by the traffic.
We must dealay our journey until the weather improves.
Why have they delayed opening the new school?


Step 5 Reading aloud
Play the tape for the students to listen and follow.

Step 6 Discussion
Put the students in groups of four. Get them to locate theses phrases in the text and explain their meaning to each other. Then collect the answers from the class.

Step 7 Workbook
Do Exx. 2-3 orally. Ask the students to retell the text in their own words.

Step 8 Homework
Read the passage again. Finish off all the exercises.

Lesson 59

Step1 Revision
1.Check the homework exercises.
2.Ask the students to read and act out the passage.
3.Get the students to work in pairs and to tell each other the story so far.

Step 2 presentation and reading
1.tell the students to read the passage quickly and find out what happened to the lady’s uncle.
2.Let the students read the passage carefully and answer the following questions: where did Holmes and Watson wait? Did the young lady go into her bedroom? What did Holmes and Watson hear? Why did Holmes strike a match? Why do you think the snake attack its keeper?
3.Play the tape for the students to listen and follow.

Step 3 Language points
1.From that moment on they sat in silence.
* from that moment on =from then on 从那时起
From that moment on he showed great interest in radio.
From now on you are my students. From tomorrow on you must get up early and do morning exercise.
* in silence =silently
They marched on in silence.
He lay in bed, thinking in silence.
Father likes to listen to music in silence.
2.With his stick he hit the bell rope again and again with heavy blows.
* again and again =over and over
Don’t make the same mistakes again and again.
He read the text through again and again.
* with heavy blows 重重地敲打
I gave him a heavy blow on the head.
He truck the man a blow that sent him to the floor.
The wind was blowing quite hard that night.
The hurricane blew down a great number of large trees.
3.They broke into the uncle’s bedroom and found the man lying on the floor, dead.
* break into =to enter by force 强行进入,破门而入
We had to break into the house as we had lost the key.
The firemen broke into the room and rescued the old woman.
* lying on the floor, dead.
They found the man turning from side to side on his bed, still unconscious.
The man lay down, dead.
4.Aroud his head was a brown snake.
* 状语前置往往用倒装
On the floor lay a man killed in the fire.
From the hole came a faint light.
Along the road stood rows of tall trees.
5.The young lady had rushed into the room immediately she heard the noise.
* immediately =as soon as 一...就...
I left immediately the clock struck twelve.
She heard a scream immediately she got home.
I came immediately I had eaten.
6.You are supposed to die like that.
* suppose 认为、猜测。后接不定式复合结构, suppose sb./ sh. to be.
I supposed her to be away from.
Most people suppose him to be over 60.
I suppose that he is not twenty.=I suppose him not to be twenty.
* 假定
Suppose A equals B.
Suppose he is absent, what shall we do?
Suppose it rained, we would still go.
* 让(用于祈使句)
Suppose we started / start tomorrow.
* 必须先假定,需要以。。。作为条件,意味着
That supposes we have a lot of money with us.
* vi. 猜想,料想
The work will be finished tomorrow, I suppose.
I suppose so. I suppose not. I don’t suppose so.
* be supposed to 
1)被期望,应该
We are supposed to be here at seven.
2)[否定句,口语] 获准
You are not to smoke on the bus.
3)
She was supposed to be reading at home, but her mother found her in the park.
They were supposed to arrive on the 5 o’clock train.
We were supposed to be here at eight. But we are late.

7. 关于虚拟语气(仅作参考)
“式”(MOOD)是个语法范畴,它是表示语气的动词形式。英语动词有三种式:陈述式(INDICATIVE MOOD),祈使句(IMPERATIVE MOOD)和虚拟式SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD)。陈述式一般用来叙述事实或提出疑问,广泛用于陈述句、疑问句、感叹句。可以说百分之九十五的英语句子用的都是动词陈述式。所介绍的动词时、体、态等形式都是就陈述式而言的。祈使式主要用于祈使句,是说话人向对方下达命令、指令、提出要求、劝告等所用的动词形式。例如:
Go back to your seat, please.
Take a ten-minute break now.
Don't walk on the grass.
Don't write in your book.
Let's rest for a while now.
Let's not watch TV tonight.

虚拟式是说话人为表示一种假设的情况、一种主观的愿望,即认为动词所表示的动作或状态并非事实或仅是主观设想时所用的动词形式。虚拟式在现代英语中不是以个重要的语法范畴。现代英语表达虚拟式的口气可采用多种多样的语法手段,如采用一般过去时、过去进行体,过去完成体:
It's time we had a rest.
I was wondering if you would let me use your car.
How I wish I had gone there with you!
还可采用情态助动词的过去时形式加动词不定式或不定式完成体:
I should/would be there by now if I had started earlier.
He would have been there by now if he had not missed the train.
当然也可采用一种特殊的动词形式,即虚拟式。
现代用于的虚拟式并不像传统语法描写的那样复杂,它只有两种形式,即be-型虚拟式(BE-SUBJUNCTIVE)和were-型虚拟式()WERE-SUBJUNCTIVE)。 
be-型虚拟式 
用于表示命令、决定、建议等词语之后的that-分句中; 用于由if,though,etc引导的分句中; 用于某些公式化语句中
were-型虚拟式 
用于某些状语分句中; 用于某些名词性分句中
虚拟式/be-型虚拟式
be-型虚拟式是以动词原形表示的,既不管主语是什么人称,动词一律用原形,如I go, you go, he go后者I be, you be, he be。如果动词为被动态,则助动词be也一律用原形,如I be sent, you be sent, he be sent。因此,如果主语是复数,便显示不出虚拟式与陈述式的区别;除了虚拟式be与陈述式am/is/ are/was/were有所区别外,其他动词的be-型虚拟式只有在单数第三人称主语之后才是由标记的。
be-型虚拟式的主要用法如下。 
用于表示命令、决定、建议等词语之后的that-分句中
be-型虚拟式的这一用法又有以下三种情况:
a)用在decide, decree, demand, insist,moveorder,prefer,propose,recommend,request,require,suggest,vote等动词之后的that分句中。例如:
He ordered that all the books be sent at once.
We propose that somebody neutral take the chair(担任主席)。
She insisted that she go to the south for her holiday.
Congress has decided /voted/ decreed that the present law be maintained.
The doctor insisted that he not eat meat.
b)用在decision, decree, demand, Instruction, order, requirement, resolution等名词之后的that-分句中。例如:
The board(理事会) has given instructions that the agent fly to Boston.
We were faced with the demand that this tax be abolished.
Your advice that she wait till next week is reasonable.
Their decision was that the school remain closed.
His order that the troops not be sent at once was carried out.
在这一用法中be-型虚拟式能与“should +不定式”交替使用,也能与不定式被动语态交替使用。例如:
He ordered that the books be sent at once.
=He ordered that books should be sent at once.
=He ordered the books to be sent at once.
It is important that she be placed in an appropriate job.
=It is important that she should be placed in an appropriate job.
=It is important for her to be placed in an appropriate job. 
be-型虚拟式能用于由if, though, whatever, lest, so long as等引导的分句中表示推测、让步、防备等含义。例如:
If he be found guilty, John shall have the tight of appeal.
If the rumour be true, everything is possible.
Though everyone desert you, I will not
Whatever be his defense, we cannot tolerate this disloyalty.
So long as a volume hold together, I am not disturbed as to its outer appearance.
Whether she be right or wrong, she will have my unswerving support.
Quietly we sat on the river bank lest the fish swim away.
上述用法现在只限于正式书面语体,在非正式语体中通常用动词陈述式或者用should/may+不定式。例如:
If the rumour is true, everything is possible.
He hid himself in the bush lest he should be seen.
Whatever his defense may be, we can't tolerate this disloyalty. 
用于某些公式化的语句中
be-型虚拟式用于某些公式化语句中可表示祝愿、诅咒、禁止等意义。例如:
Long live the People's Republic of China!
God bless you!
God damn you!(该死的)
Heaven forbid!(天理不容)
Devil take him!(混蛋)
So be it.(但愿如此/就这样吧。)
Suffice it to say that...(只需说……就够了。)
Far be it from me to(我极不愿) spoil the fun.
He will remain here if need be.
Home is home,be it ever so homely.
虚拟式/were-型虚拟式
were-型虚拟式只有一种形式,即不管主语是什么人称,动词一律用were,如 I were, you were, he were;如果动词为进行体或被动态,其助动词也一律用were,如 I were going, you were going,he were going;又如 I were sent, you were sent,he were sent,因此,were-型虚拟式只有出现在单数第三人称主语之后,它才在形式上与陈述式was区别开来。were-型虚拟式的主要用法如下。
1.用于某些状语分句中 
were-型虚拟式常用由if,if only ,as if,as though,though引导的条件状语和让步状语分句中,表示非真实的条件或让步。例如:
If I were you,I should wait till next week.
If it were to rain,the game would be put off.
If only I were not so nervous.(要是不那么紧张就好了。)
He spoke to me as if I were deaf.
He behaves as though he were better that us.
Though the whole world were against me,I would do what I consider as right.
2.用于某些名词性分句中 
were-型虚拟式常用于出现在wish,would rather,suppose,imagine之后的that-分句中,表示一种臆想的(通常是不可能发生的)情况。例如:
I wish it were spring all the year round.
I'd rather I were not at the site of the accident.
Suppose the earth were flat.
Just imagine everyone were to give up smoking.
上述were-型虚拟式在第一、三人称单数主语之后可为was所取代。例如:
If it was to rain ,the game would be put off.
If only I was not so nervous!
I wish it was spring all the year round.
I'd rather I wasn't at the site of the accident.
但是,在if I were you 这一句中,通常只用were,不用was。另外在某些倒装结构中也只用were,不用was。例如:
Were I to do it(=If I were to do it,I should rely on you.
还有,在 as it were(作 so to speak解,即“宛如”、“好比”)结构中也只用were,不用was。例如:
He is my best friend,my second self,as it were.
如前所述,虚拟式在现代英语中已经不是一个重要的语法范畴,许多该用虚拟式的地方常为陈述式所取代。以上所述用should代替be,用was代替were就是一例,甚至还可根据语义意图干脆用现代时形式。例如:
I wish I were/was there.
He looksas if he were/was/is sick.
Imagine you are the salesman for Franco's product. 
虚拟式/were-型虚拟式
were-型虚拟式只有一种形式,即不管主语是什么人称,动词一律用were,如 I were,you were,he were;如果动词为进行体或被动态,其助动词也一律用were,如 I were going,you were going,he were going;又如 I were sent, you were sent,he were sent,因此,were-型虚拟式只有出现在单数第三人称主语之后,它才在形式上与陈述式was区别开来。were-型虚拟式的主要用法如下。1.用于某些状语分句中 
were-型虚拟式常用由if,if only ,as if,as though,though引导的条件状语和让步状语分句中,表示非真实的条件或让步。例如:
If I were you,I should wait till next week.
If it were to rain,the game would be put off.
If only I were not so nervous.(要是不那么紧张就好了。)
He spoke to me as if I were deaf.
He behaves as though he were better that us.
Though the whole world were against me,I would do what I consider as right.
2.用于某些名词性分句中 
were-型虚拟式常用于出现在wish,would rather,suppose,imagine之后的that-分句中,表示一种臆想的(通常是不可能发生的)情况。例如:
I wish it were spring all the year round.
I'd rather I were not at the site of the accident.
Suppose the earth were flat.
Just imagine everyone were to give up smoking.
上述were-型虚拟式在第一、三人称单数主语之后可为was所取代。例如:
If it was to rain ,the game would be put off.
If only I was not so nervous!
I wish it was spring all the year round.
I'd rather I wasn't at the site of the accident.
但是,在if I were you 这一句中,通常只用were,不用was。另外在某些倒装结构中也只用were,不用was。例如:
Were I to do it(=If I were to do it,I should rely on you.
还有,在 as it were(作 so to speak解,即“宛如”、“好比”)结构中也只用were,不用was。例如:
He is my best friend, my second self, as it were.
如前所述,虚拟式在现代英语中已经不是一个重要的语法范畴,许多该用虚拟式的地方常为陈述式所取代。以上所述用should代替be,用was代替were就是一例,甚至还可根据语义意图干脆用现代时形式。例如:
I wish I were/was there.
He looks as if he were/was/is sick.
Imagine you are the salesman for Franco's product.

Step 4 Word and language study
1.Part 2. Get the students to complete the exercise individually. Encourage them to refer back to the text. Check the answers with whole class at the end.
2.Part 3. Books shut. Write the sentences on the Bb:
There was once a famous detective. He was named Sherlock Holmes.--- There was once a famous detective named Sherlock Holmes.
He was known for his expect advice. He was able to help a great number of people. --- Well known for his expert advice, he was able to help a great number of people.
Then books open. Read through the exam sentences and get the students to translate them into Chinese.
Step 5 Practice
1.Part4. Read the instructions aloud to the class and check that Ss what to do. Do the first few sentences orally with the whole class, then let Ss work in pairs. Check the answer at the end of the activity.
2.Part 5. Read the instructions aloud to the students. Do the first two orally with the whole class and write down the completed sentences on the Bb. Then let the students complete the exercise individually. Check the answers with the whole class.

Step 6 Workbook
1.Revise the reading passage. Do the exercises in pairs. Check the answers with the whole class.
2.Ask a pair of students to the Bb to write down their sentences on Bb and correct mistakes if there are. 

Step 7 Homework
Finish off all the exercises. Write and retell the story.


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精心推荐 高中英语
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