教案精选:初一英语《 food and lifestyle》教学设计


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 1.  吃一个汉堡                             have a hamburger
2.  一日一苹果,医生远离我                 An apple a day keeps the doctor away
3.  许多土豆和西红柿                       many potatoes and tomatoes
4.  许多糖果                               many sweets
5.  对我们的身体有益                       be good for our health
6.  每天跳舞半小时                         dance for half an hour a day
7.  吃健康的食物                           eat healthy food
8.  吃得健康                               eat healthily
9.  对某人是重要的                         be important for sb.
10. 需要保健                               need to keep fit/healthy
11. 早餐喝牛奶吃面包                       have milk and bread for breakfast
12. 晚饭吃鱼和蔬菜                         have fish and vegetables for dinner
13. 感到饿                                 feel hungry
14. 饭间吃一个苹果或一个梨                 eat an apple or a pear between meals
15. 很少吃蛋糕和糖果                       seldom eat cakes or sweets
16. 有太多的糖份                           have too much sugar
可数名词与不可数名词
可数名词
  可数名词有单数和复数两种形式。指一个人或一件事物时,用单数形式;指两个或多个人或事物时用复数形式。名词由单数形式变成复数形式的规则如下:
  1. 一般的名词词尾直接加-s 。如:
  book → books room → rooms
  house → houses day → days  
  2. 以s, ss, ch, sh, x 结尾的名词,在词尾加-es 。如:
  bus → buses glass → glasses
  watch → watches
  dish → dishes box → boxes
  3. 以"辅音字母+y"结尾的名词,要先将y改为i再加-es。如:
  city → cities body → bodies
  factory → factories等等。
  4. 以f 或fe 结尾的名词,要将f或fe改为v再加-es。如:
  half → halves leaf → leaves
knife → knives wife → wives
***5. 特例 [悄悄话:特例常常考,要记住。]
  ① child → children
  ② man → men woman → women
  policeman → policemen
  (规律:man → men)
  ③ tomato → tomatoes
  potato → potatoes
  [悄悄话: 初中英语以o 结尾的名词变复数时只有这两个词加-es,其余的当然加-s喽!如:photo → photos ]
  ④ foot → feet tooth → teeth
  [悄悄话: oo变成ee。]  
  ⑤ sheep, Chinese, Japanese单、复数同形 [悄悄话:变复数时词形不变。]
  ⑥ people单数形式表示复数意义,要求谓语动词用复数; people的复数形式peoples通常指“多个民族”。
  
不可数名词
  1. 不可数名词没有复数,当它作句子的主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。
  如:The food is very fresh. 食品很新鲜。
  2. 有的不可数名词也可以作可数名词,有复数形式,但他们的意义往往发生变化。
  如:water (水) → waters (水域)
  orange (橘汁) → oranges (橘子)
  3. 很多的不可数名词表示泛指时为不可数,表示种类时就可数,但意义大多不发生变化。
  如:fruit → fruits food → foods
fish → fishes hair → hairs
不可数名词前可以加上一些量词来表示数量
A piece of bread                          a plate of chicken
A glass of water                          a packet of salt
Two bags of rice                         three cups of tea 
Four kilos 
  

 
Unit 6 Food and lifestyle练习
A  词组 
1. 吃一个汉堡包____________________________  
2. 现在是中午了____________________________ 
3. 十点半__________________________________  
4.  对……有益/好处 ________________________ 
5.  三个马铃薯_____________________________  
6.  六个西红柿_____________________________ 
7.  许多牛肉_______________________________ 
8.  一些糖果_______________________________ 
B单选题   
(     )1. Eat more vegetables. They _________ you.  
A. are good at      B. are good to     C. are good for   D. are good with  
(     )2.Breakfast gives us energy ________ the morning.  
A. to             B. for            C. on           D. in  
(     )3. She often helps Lily ________ Chinese.  
A. learn           B. learns          C. learning      D. to learning  
(     )4.He drinks _______ green tea after meals every day.  
A. a              B. some           C. many        D. two  
(     )5.I sometimes have rice _______ fish and an apple _____ lunch.  
A. with, to         B. with, for        C. for, with      D. in, on  
(     )6.I need Amy _________ me .  
A. help           B. helps           C. helping       D. to help  
(     )7.What _______ do you eat before supper?-I have an apple.  
A. meat           B. vegetables       C. fruit         D. soup  
(     )8.---Are there any ______ in the basket? ---Yes, there are eight.  
A. tomatoes        B. bread           C. cabbage     D. chicken  
(     )9.---________ do you exercise?   ---Every day.  
A. How long       B. How often       C. How much    D. How many  
(     )10. He is in good_______, because his lifestyle is very ______.  
A. health, health    B. healthy , health   C. health , healthy  D. healthy, healthy
C  根据汉语意思或所给词的适当形式填空 
1. I often have __________(猪肉)or____________(鸡肉)for lunch. 
2. He doesn’t like ___________(胡萝卜), but he likes __________(柠檬)very much. 
3. In summer, people usually enjoy having many____________(西瓜). 
4. Having different kinds of vegetables is very important to your ____________(健康). 
5. Our classroom is very big. What about ___________(you). 
6. There’re many kinds of ___________(drink) in that fridge, like orange juice, milk, coffee, ice 
tea, and so on.  
7. I think everyone should know how__________ (keep) healthy. 
8. ---“Its color is black and it is a kind of snack. When you’re hungry it can give you much 
energy(能量). Do you know what it is?” ---“Yes, I know! It is_______________. 
D  翻译句子,每空一词。 
1. 我经常锻炼来保持健康。
I often  ________  to ________ __________.                  
2. 凯蒂早餐常吃面包。
Kitty often _________ __________ _________ ________.                                 
3. 我们能从巧克力中获取很多能量。
We can get ________ _________ _________ from chocolates. 
4. 吃蔬菜对我们的健康有益。          
__________vegetables __________ __________ ________ our health. 
5. 早操帮助我很好地开始一天。
Breakfast ___________  me _________  the day ___________ .
6. 我计划晚餐吃面条。 
I_________ _________  have  _______ _________ _________.                           
7. 整个上午她很高兴。
She is very happy_________ ____________ _____________.                          
8. 你一天喝几杯水?
How many_________ __________ ____________  do you__________ every day? 
9. 我需要你过来。
I    _________ _________ __________ come. 
10.你有健康的生活方式吗? 
  Do you have a  _________ ____________ ?

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